This is a list of the studies that our recommendations about COVID are based on.
Awad, M et al. Perioperative Considerations in Urgent Surgical Care of Suspected and Confirmed COVID-19 Orthopedic Patients, Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: April 10, 2020;
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Practice Advisory: Novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). 2020 Mar 13.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. COVID-19 FAQs for Obstetrician-Gynecologists, Gynecology. 2020 Apr 10.
Anfinrud P Visualizing Speech-Generated Oral Fluid Droplets with Laser Light Scattering NEJM 2020 April 15
Bae S et al. Effectiveness of surgical and cotton masks in blocking SARS–CoV-2: A controlled comparison in 4 patients. Ann Intern Med 2020 Apr 6;
Bangalore S et al. ST-Segment Elevation in Patients with Covid-19 — A Case Series NEJM 2020 April 17
Barbieri R COVID-19 Obstetric Practice Recommendations UpToDate; OBG Management 2020 April 16;
Bauer, M et al. Obstetric Anesthesia During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Anesthesia & Analgesia: April 6, 2020;
Bhatraju PK et al. Covid-19 in critically ill patients in the Seattle region— Case series. N Engl J Med 2020 Mar 30;
Brindle, M et al. Managing COVID-19 in Surgical Systems, Annals of Surgery: March 23, 2020;
CDC COVID-19 Response Team. Coronavirus disease 2019 in children — United States, February 12–April 2, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020 Apr 6;
Chen L et al. Clinical Characteristics of Pregnant Women with Covid-19 in Wuhan, China NEJM 2020 April 17
Cheung KS et al. Gastrointestinal manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 infection and virus load in fecal samples from the Hong Kong cohort and systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastroenterology 2020 Apr 3;
Chow N et al. Preliminary estimates of the prevalence of selected underlying health conditions among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 — United States, February 12–March 28, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020 Apr 3;
Dong L et al. Discovering drugs to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Drug Discov Ther 2020;
Doremalen N et al. Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1 NEJM 2020 April 16
Driggin E et al. Cardiovascular considerations for patients, health care workers, and health systems during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. J Am Coll Cardiol 2020 Mar 18;
Duan K et al. Effectiveness of convalescent plasma therapy in severe COVID-19 patients. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 Apr 6;
Dunham, A et al. Bioethical Perspective for Navigating Moral Dilemmas Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic, Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: April 10, 2020;
Farrell, S et al. Recommendations for the Care of Pediatric Orthopedic Patients During the COVID Pandemic, Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: April 14, 2020; 
Fitzgerald S el al. Loss of Smell as an Early Symptom of COVID-19: What Research Is Uncovering Neurology Today 2020 April 4;
Glass R et al. Targeted Social Distancing Designs for Pandemic Influenza Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Nov 12
Grasselli G et al. Baseline characteristics and outcomes of 1591 patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 admitted to ICUs of the Lombardy region, Italy. JAMA 2020 Apr 6;
Grein J et al. Compassionate use of remdesivir for patients with severe Covid-19. N Engl J Med 2020 Apr 10;
Guan WJ et al. Comorbidity and its impact on 1590 patients with Covid-19 in China: A Nationwide Analysis. Eur Respir J 2020 Mar 26;
Gudbjartsson D et al. Spread of SARS-CoV-2 in the Icelandic Population. NEJM 2020 Apr 14;
Gurwitz D. Angiotensin receptor blockers as tentative SARS-CoV-2 therapeutics. Drug Dev Res 2020 Mar 4;
He X et al. Temporal dynamics in viral shedding and transmissibility of COVID-19 Nature Medicine 2020 April 15
Jewell N et al. Caution Warranted: Using the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Model for Predicting the Course of the COVID-19 Pandemic Annals of Internal Medicine 2020 April 14
Kim D et al. Rates of Co-infection Between SARS-CoV-2 and Other Respiratory Pathogens JAMA 2020 April 15
Kimball A et al. Asymptomatic and presymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections in residents of a long-term care skilled nursing facility— King County, Washington, March 2020. MMWR Recomm Rep 2020 Mar 27;
Klompas M et al. Universal Masking in Hospitals in the Covid-19 Era NEJM 2020 April 1
Koff W et al. Covid-19 and Immunity in Aging Populations — A New Research Agenda NEJM 2020 April 17
Le T et Al. The COVID-19 vaccine development landscape Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 2020 April 9;
Leung G et al. From a Sprint to a Marathon in Hong Kong JAMA 2020 April 15
Leung NHL et al. Respiratory virus shedding in exhaled breath and efficacy of face masks. Nat Med 2020 Apr 2;
Lindberg, D et al. Consensus Panel Statement on Chest Imaging for COVID-19 Patients Chest 2020 April 7;
Loeb, A et al. Departmental Experience and Lessons Learned With Accelerated Introduction of Telemedicine During the COVID-19 Crisis, Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: April 14, 2020;
Mahévas M et al. No evidence of clinical efficacy of hydroxychloroquine in patients hospitalised for COVID-19 infection and requiring oxygen: results of a study using routinely collected data to emulate a target trial
Massey, P et al Orthopaedic Surgical Selection and Inpatient Paradigms During the Coronavirus COVID-19 Pandemic, Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: April 15, 2020;
McMichael TM et al. Epidemiology of Covid-19 in a long-term care facility in King County, Washington. N Engl J Med 2020 Mar 27;
Meselson M Droplets and Aerosols in the Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 NEJM 2020 April 15
Mulaney E et al. COVID-19 Antibody Seroprevalence in Santa Clara County, California, medRxiv 2020 April 17
Ong SWX et al. Absence of contamination of personal protective equipment (PPE) by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2020 Mar 26;
Roback JD and Guarner J. Convalescent plasma to treat COVID-19: Possibilities and challenges. JAMA 2020 Mar 27;
Rosenbaum L The Untold Toll — The Pandemic’s Effects on Patients without Covid-19 NEJM 2020 April 17
Sanders J et al. Pharmacologic Treatments for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) 2020 April 13;
Shen C et al. Treatment of 5 critically ill patients with COVID-19 with convalescent plasma. JAMA 2020 Mar 27;
Singer A et al. Staying Ahead of the Wave NEJM 2020 April 13
Smith J et al. Effect of various decontamination procedures on disposable N95 mask integrity and SARS-CoV-2 MedRxIV 2020 April
Soetikno R et al. Considerations in performing endoscopy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Gastrointest Endosc 2020 Mar 27;
Song J et al. Covid-19 in South Korea — Challenges of Subclinical Manifestations NEJM 2020 April 6
Sultan S et al. AGA Institute rapid recommendations for gastrointestinal procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Gastroenterology 2020 Apr 1;
Sutton D et al. Universal Screening for SARS-CoV-2 in Women Admitted for Delivery NEJM 2020 April 13;
Thachil J et al. ISTH interim guidance on recognition and management of coagulopathy in COVID19. J Thromb Haemost 2020 Mar 25;
Toscano G et al. Guillain–Barré Syndrome Associated with SARS-CoV-2 NEJM 2020 April 17
Vaduganathan M et al. Renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system inhibitors in patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med 2020 Mar 30;
Wafaa M et al. Africa in the Path of Covid-19 NEJM 2020 April 17
Wang F et al. Serologic Evidence of Pancreatic Injury in COVID-19 Gastroenterology 2020 April 1;
Wei WE et al. Presymptomatic transmission of SARS-CoV-2— Singapore, January 23–March 16, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020 Apr 1;
Wölfel R et al. Virological assessment of hospitalized patients with COVID-2019. Nature 2020 Apr 1;
Wu A, Peng Y, Huang B, Ding X, Wang X, Niu P, et al. Genome Composition and Divergence of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Originating in China. Cell Host Microbe. 2020;27(3):325-8
Yan C Et Al Association of chemosensory dysfunction and Covid‐19 in patients presenting with influenza‐like symptoms International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology 2020 April 12;
Zhang Y et al. Coagulopathy and Antiphospholipid Antibodies in Patients with Covid-19 NEJM 2020 April 8
Zulfiqar A Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura in a Patient with Covid-19 NEJM 2020 April 15


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